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Peaches, plums and nectarines possess bioactive compounds that can potentially fight obesity-related diabetes and cardiovascular disease, according to research at Texas AgriLife Research.
The study shows that the compounds in stone fruits could be a weapon against metabolic syndrome, a condition characterized by obesity and inflammation that threatens heart health.
“Our studies have shown that stone fruits — peaches, plums and nectarines — have bioactive compounds that can potentially fight the syndrome,” says Dr. Luis Cisneros-Zevallos, AgriLife Research food scientist. “Our work indicates that phenolic compounds present in these fruits have anti-obesity, anti-inflammatory and anti-diabetic properties in different cell lines and may also reduce the oxidation of bad cholesterol LDL which is associated to cardiovascular disease.”
What is unique to these fruits, he claims, is that their mixture of the bioactive compounds work simultaneously within the different components of the disease.
“Our work shows that the four major phenolic groups—anthocyanins, clorogenic acids, quercetin derivatives and catechin —work on different cells—fat cells, macrophages and vascular endothelial cells,” he says. “They modulate different expressions of genes and proteins depending on the type of compound.”