Don’t get duped by ‘whole grain’ decoys’ deceptive labels

Whole grains are healthy. No ifs, ands or buts about it…

They contain lots of fiber that feeds the healthy bacteria in your gut and helps your body metabolize sugar in a more balanced way so you don’t have blood sugar spikes. They’re filled with phytochemicals and essential minerals like magnesium, selenium and copper, which offer protection from chronic diseases, including some cancers. And they’re loaded with vitamin E, B vitamins and antioxidants to boot.

So, filling your shopping cart to the brim with whole grains is one of the best decisions you can make for your health. Full stop.

But what if the whole grains you’re buying aren’t really whole grains?

You’re probably thinking… ”Of course, they’re whole grains. I know what I’m buying.” But mistakenly buying processed grains masquerading as whole grains is actually much more common than you might think.

In fact, new research shows that most people have a heck of a time picking out real whole grains from unhealthy imposters…

People accidentally choose unhealthy grains a lot of the time

A recent study from researchers at Tufts University proved that most people have a hard time parsing out the real from the fake when it comes to whole grains.

In the study, researchers asked 1,030 U.S. adults to respond to a survey that included photos of both hypothetical and real grain products. The photos showed the products, any whole grain labels on the packaging, the nutrition facts label and the ingredients list for each product. For hypothetical products, researchers asked the participants to choose the healthier option. For real products, researchers asked participants to determine how much whole grain they contained. And guess what? People answered wrong nearly half the time.

For the hypothetical products, people thought the less healthy option was the healthier alternative 29-47 percent of the time. They were particularly tricked by whole-grain bread imposters, which they thought were healthier than they actually were 47 percent of the time. The packages on the hypothetical products either had no front-of-package whole grain label or were marked with “multigrain,” “made with whole grains” or a whole grain stamp.

For the real products, people overestimated the whole grain content 43 to 51 percent of the time. They especially had a hard time with 12-grain bread, which they thought contained more whole grains than it actually did 51 percent of the time. The packages on the real products displayed the actual product markings, including “multigrain,” “honey wheat” and “12 grain.”

Now, the primary reason these researchers decided to perform this study is that grain product manufacturers are notorious for trying to make their products seem like they contain whole grains even when they don’t. They color them dark brown. They put “multigrain” on the label. And they use a variety of other tactics to bait health-conscious consumers into buying their products. Unfortunately, based on the results of this study, their tricks work far too often.

“I would say when it comes to deceptive labels, ‘whole grain’ claims are among the worst. Even people with advanced degrees cannot figure out how much whole grain is in these products,” said co-author Jennifer L. Pomeranz, assistant professor of public health policy and management at NYU School of Global Public Health.

How to make sure you’re actually getting whole grains

At this point, 42 percent of most Americans’ daily calories come from low quality, highly processed carbs. The grains used in these carbs are stripped of almost all the nutrients (and health benefits) you’ll find in whole grains.

So, swapping out processed grains for whole grains could make a huge difference in the health of Americans. But first, people have to be able to see through the deceptive labeling on grain products.

Here are a few tips to help you choose your grains wisely…

  1. Just because bread is brown doesn’t mean it’s made from whole grains. Just because bread looks white doesn’t mean it’s made from white flour. Its color doesn’t matter, its content does. So, always read the ingredient list.
  2. For bread to be labeled “whole wheat,” it needs to contain 100 percent whole-wheat flour. But other labels like “multigrain” or “seven grain” don’t need to follow the same rules. So, check the label and make sure the first ingredient is whole wheat flour or another whole grain flour.
  3. If you really want to make sure you’re getting the most health benefits for your buck from whole grains, try to eat them in their purest form. That means eating less of the more processed whole-grain foods, like breads, crackers and cereals. Here are some solid whole grain options to add to your diet now:
  • Buckwheat
  • Bulgur
  • Millet
  • Quinoa
  • Sorghum
  • Whole rye
  • Barley
  • Oats
  • Whole wheat
  • Spelt
  • Brown rice

Sources:

  1. Confused by whole grain labels on food packaging? Study finds you’re not alone — MedicalXpress.
  2. Consumer confusion about wholegrain content and healthfulness in product labels: a discrete choice experiment and comprehension assessment — Public Health Nutrition.
  3. Whole Grains — Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health.
  4. How to Add Whole Grains to Your Diet — Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics.

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Jenny Smiechowski

By Jenny Smiechowski

Jenny Smiechowski is a Chicago-based freelance writer who specializes in health, nutrition and the environment. Her work has appeared in online and print publications like Chicagoland Gardening magazine, Organic Lifestyle Magazine, BetterLife Magazine, TheFix.com, Hybridcars.com and Seedstock.com.